Reversible Watermarking Approach for Ensuring the Integrity of Private Databases Against Attacks

  • Received
    August 9, 2022
  • Revised
    September 9, 2022
  • Accepted
    September 10, 2022
  • Published
    September 11, 2022


  • Asmaa Alqassab
  • Mafaz Alanezi


Database watermarking is considered one of the active research fields, where best trade-off between: robustness, reversibility, and capacity, to protect sensitive data’s: integrity, ownership, and copyright, is needed in any watermarking scheme. As for database security, developing a persistent and robust watermarking system, is the ultimate objective for securing the databases. Accordingly, in our suggested method, we have studied various works suggested by other authors with a focus on determining their strengths and weaknesses. Eventually, we came with a new idea for protecting RDB by means of reversible
watermarking, where better results in comparison with previous researchers’ methods are gained.


Relational Database, Reversible Watermarking, RRW, Attacks on Relational Database, Relational Database Protection


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Asmaa Alqassab a lecturer at College of Education, University of Mosul, Iraq. Her M.Sc. degree was in Computer Science in the field of Computer Security from University of Mosul, Iraq in 2012.

Mafaz Alanezi is a faculty member at the Department of Computer Science, University of Mosul, Iraq. She obtained her Ph.D. degree in Computer Science in the field of Computer and Network Security from University of Mosul / Iraq in 2012. Her M.Sc. degree was also in Computer Science in the field of Image Processing from the University of Mosul/ Iraq in 2003. Her current scientific degree Prof. Dr in Cybersecurity and Information Security.