One of the most important factors that play a basic role in life development is scientific research. The main sources of scientific research are universities, laboratories, and research centers. In this regard, the importance comes in periodic evaluation of the performance of scientific research. This work deeply analyzes the performance of the Iraqi universities in terms of scientific research. It generates a Citation Network among the main Iraqi universities for this purpose. This type of network has the ability to reflect the actual status of scientific research in Iraqi universities. This study uses an approach based on the concepts of complex networks. The process of collecting data is done by designing a special-purpose program called a crawler. This crawler crawls the Google Scholar repository and retrieves all the data required. Based on the official educational domains of Iraqi universities, the crawler collects information from published research articles. The main contribution of this study is to generate a citation network among the main Iraqi universities and to extract the main facts on scientific research activities. The second contribution is to propose a local rank for the main Iraqi universities based on network measurements and other academic indicators. Another aspect that is investigated is the scientific collaboration among the Iraqi universities and with the worldwide universities.
Citation Networks, Collaboration Networks, Iraqi Universities
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